The Queen's Gallery is a public art gallery located at the west front of Buckingham Palace and first opened in 1962. Over the following 37 years it received some 5 million visitors, until it was closed in 1999 for extension work carried. On May 21 2002 the Gallery was reopened by the Queen to coincide with her Golden Jubilee. The extension added the current Doric entrance portico, several new rooms and tripled the size of the building.
The Royal Collection is held in trust by The Queen as Sovereign for her successors and the Nation, and is not owned by her as a private individual. The Royal Collection receives no Government grant-in-aid or public subsidy, and is administered by the Royal Collection Trust, a registered charity. The Trust was set up by The Queen in 1993 under the chairmanship of The Prince of Wales.
The Collection includes paintings, drawings and watercolours, furniture, ceramics, clocks, silver, sculpture, jewellery, books and manuscripts, prints and maps, arms and armour, and textiles. It has largely been formed since the Restoration of the Monarchy in 1660. Some items belonging to earlier monarchs, for example Henry VIII, also survive. The greater part of the magnificent collection inherited and added to by Charles I was dispersed on Cromwell's orders during the Interregnum. The royal patrons now chiefly associated with notable additions to the Collection are Frederick, Prince of Wales; George III; George IV; Queen Victoria and Prince Albert; and Queen Mary, consort of George V